Temporary Hearing Loss

Apr 21, 2018
What Factors Are Associated With an Increased Risk of Temporary Hearing Loss After Attending an Outdoor Music Festival?

Bottom Line: People who attended an outdoor music festival who did not use earplugs, used alcohol and/or drugs and were male were more likely to experience temporary hearing loss.

Why The Research Is Interesting: During the past two decades, the frequency of hearing loss among young people has increased and going to music concerts, clubs and festivals may part of the reason. Noise-induced hearing loss because of recreational noise exposure may be reduced by using earplugs.

Who and When: 51 adults who attended an outdoor music festival in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, in September 2015

What (Study Measures): Music festival visit for 4.5 hours (intervention); temporary hearing loss (outcome)

How (Study Design): A secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial

Authors: Veronique J. C. Kraaijenga, M.D., University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, and coauthors

Results: Factors associated with temporary hearing loss:

-Non-use of earplugs
-Use of alcohol and drugs
-Being male

Study Limitations: The inability to detect hidden hearing loss in study participants.

Study Conclusions:

Physicians should consider these factors to raise awareness about the combined risk of attending music festivals without using earplugs while consuming alcohol and/or drugs.

The intention to use earplugs was correlated with loudness and appreciation of music with earplugs, which may advocate for the use of personalized earplugs
For more details and to read the full study, please visit the For The Media website.