Men, as everyone else benefit from vitamin supplements. Nutrients and vitamin supplements are known to be effective at relieving the symptoms of osteoarthritis for example, some perhaps in determining its course1. Osteoarthritis, which affects the entire joint, including the articular cartilage, bone and soft tissues is a common and often disabling, particularly among seniors2, hence the need to recognize the value of vitamin supplements in keeping our bones and joints healthy.
A recent study examined the effect of dietary antioxidants on knee structure among two hundred and ninety-three healthy, middle-aged individuals, mean age 58 years, who did not have knee pain or injury or clinical knee osteoarthritis3. The authors used magnetic resonance imaging to assess these individuals for osteoarthritis, and concluded that the study indicates a beneficial effect of fruit consumption and vitamin C intake, both linked with bone size and bone marrow lesions reduction, which are important in the causation of knee osteoarthritis. Diet and supplements could therefore potentially lower the risk of osteoarthritis, the authors also noted.
There is research evidence of an inverse association between dietary folate and incident coronary heart disease (CHD), folate and vitamin B6 intake, which reduce the blood levels of the atherogenic homocysteine, hence prevent vascular anomalies, important in the primary prevention of CHD 4, 5.
Indeed, it is not only well known that increased plasma levels of total homocysteine (hyperhomocysteinemia) is an autonomous risk factor for vascular diseases6, and that deficiencies of several nutrients including folate and vitamin B-6, cause hyperhomocysteinemia7, there is increasing evidence of a link between elevated blood homocysteine levels and multisystem diseases in the elderly8.
In other words, there is a possible link between hyperhomocysteinemia and diseases such as coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, cognitive deficits, dementia, depression, osteoporotic fractures, and a general decline in functioning8. This underscores the potential benefits of a homocysteine-lowering strategy such as vitamin supplementation and fortifying grain foods with folic acid to prevent or retard the progress of these age-related disorders.
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